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Challenges to Somaliland Independence

Since the 1648 Peace of Westphalia, the international order has been predicated on the central role of the nation-state. The contemporary Westphalian system generally defines the state as an entity with established geographic borders, a relatively stable population, a government that can control both these borders and this population, and is recognized by other states as sovereign. Since the end of the Second World War as civil struggles overtook international conflicts as the most common types of war, secessionist movements have proliferated, becoming the most pervasive, longest, and bloodiest form of warfare. Despite this reality, only about one third of secessionist movements ever result in full independence and statehood (Coggins).

Filsan Fadal

Independent Researcher in Toronto